Fifth-generation (5G) wireless technology will make it possible to connect billions of smart devices and sensors. Features such as lightning fast download speeds, greater capacity, and lower latencies will spur futuristic innovations—from autonomous vehicles and smart cities to telesurgery, virtual reality, and the Internet of Things (IoT). However, for this to happen the right infrastructure must be in place. That means building geographically dense small cells to relay radio signals, boosting network efficiency and the radio spectrum. The right frequency ranges will ensure consistent coverage across urban, suburban, and rural areas at ultra-high speeds.

5G will deliver previously unseen performance levels in three critical areas: enhanced mobile broadband, ultrareliable communications, and massive machine-type communications. As wireless technology evolves, it will be important to define and allocate the ranges of spectrum—waves consisting of fast-moving high frequencies and low frequencies that move more slowly. The spectrum allows radios, televisions, smartphones, satellites, and all other devices to send information in wave signals beamed across long distances, utilizing discrete slices at different frequencies.

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